Future Transport Policy

We produce herebelow the guiding policy released regarding Transport in Delhi, under the MPD 2021. Please note that this is the vision statement released / considered in conjunction with the policy document of Delhi master plan. The specific plans would be available for perusal only along with the MPD 2021 approval, or in isolation, later.

 

TACKLING URBAN TRANSPORT – OPERATING PLAN FOR DELHI

 

Vision

Delhi should be a well managed, clean and dynamic city serving its citizens as a model capital city.

Mission statement

To provide safe, eco-friendly, cost-effective and efficient modes of transportation through a well integrated multi-modal transport system.

The Present

The present transport system is characterized by road traffic congestion with declining ambient air quality accompanied by a rising trend in road accidents. The focus of all efforts need to be on reducing congestion, improving air quality by lower levels of vehicular pollution and enhancing road safety while improving amenities for commuters.

The Challenge

This situation is likely to worsen due to increasing population and economic growth. The population of Delhi is expected to grow from 138 lakh in 2001 to 230 lakh by year 2021. However the daily transport demand is expected to grow from 139 lakh in 2001 to 279 lakh passenger trips by the year 2021. To cater to this demand, the mass transport system will need to be augmented substantially and the road infrastructure, traffic management and associated amenities improved substantively.

There are several factors responsible for the prevailing road congestion, pollution and lack of road safety. The basic cause, however, is the imbalance in the modal mix of passenger traffic carried by various modes

of transport. There is a preponderance of low capacity vehicles such as two wheelers and cars. This is induced by increasing inadequacy of mass transport to cater to travel demand both in quantity and quality.

Policy

With the objective of achieving a balanced modal mix and to discourage personalized transport, it is proposed to augment mass transport by massive investments accompanied by institutional improvements. The focus, therefore, will be on increasing mass transport options by providing adequate, accessible and affordable modes like buses, mini-buses, electric trolley buses complemented by a network of a rail based mass rapid transit systems like metro and commuter rail. Para transit modes like autos and taxis are envisaged to provide feeder services in designated areas catering to work and leisure trips. Non-motorized transport like bicycles and cycle rickshaws will be accommodated.

Mass Transport

In order to strike the appropriate modal balance, an extensive mass transport system including a metro, commuter rail and buses will be required. Considering this, 245 km. of a metro system network to cater to demand upto 2021 is being planned. Of this in Phase-I, 39 km is under implementation and 21 km. is expected to be completed by 2005. In addition, Phase I of the commuter rail system called the Integrated Rail and Bus transit (IRBT) along three existing railway lines is also being taken up in partnership with neighbouring State Governments of Haryana and Uttar Pradesh and the Government of India.

Even after a fully developed rail based Mass Rapid Transit System has come into existence, the bus system will continue to play the role of the main mass transport system provider. The bus system is proposed to be augmented to 10000 CNG buses within a year on Stage Carriage to be supplemented with about 4000 CNG buses on chartered and premium services. Premium bus services will be introduced on selected routes. High Capacity Bus Systems on selected corridors for 100 km is planned. In addition, on 32 km of selected corridors, Electric Trolley Buses will also be introduced in order to reduce congestion and pollution. A Light Rail Transit for the walled city is being considered. In order to improve the bus system dedicated busways/lanes are being planned on designated road corridors.

Development of bus terminals is very important for efficient operation of any bus system. Three directional Inter State Bus Terminals (ISBTs) have already been provided and two more are to be taken up at Dwarka & Narela. The services at the existing ISBTs at Kashmere Gate, Anand Vihar and Sarai Kale Khan will be further improved.

Intermediate Public Transport System (IPT)

IPT modes will continue to play an important role even in the future as feeder services to the main mass transport system and providing accessible movement in pre-designated areas. Therefore, steps are being taken to strengthen this system by proper regulation and discipline.

Controlling Vehicular Pollution

A number of additional measures will be taken to reduce vehicular pollution by providing CNG buses, strengthening the Pollution Under Control (PUC) system, introduction of strict Inspection and Certification Systems and promotion of advanced technologies. Special focus will be on safety certification and stringent inspection of all transport vehicles. A Safety Council to set standards for vehicle safety and fitness is being set up shortly.

Road Infrastructure

A number of flyovers, bridges and pedestrian subways are under construction and many more are being contemplated. In addition, existing roads are being widened and new roads constructed. The peripheral expressway and NH2 bypass are being taken up to siphon off inter-city traffic passing through Delhi.

Several low cost and quickly implementable transport system management (TSM) measures are being given a lot of importance in order to improve traffic flow. TSM plans are being prepared for various corridors and will be taken up for implementation.

Integration issues

Integration of all modes of transport is necessary to achieve the potential of each mode. Feeder systems to metro and commuter rail will be provided. Facilities for parking of personalised modes, autos and taxis are proposed at all stations. Time table and fare integration for metro rail and buses are also contemplated.

Financing

Plan Outlays – Tenth Five Year Plan (2002-07)

A large investment is required to finance the proposed urban transport system. For this, budgetary provisions have been enhanced in the Tenth Plan (2002-07) of the Government of NCT of Delhi. The financial outlays approved in the Tenth Plan for the transport sector are:

(A) Transport Department

S.No.

Items

(Rs in lakhs)

01.

Mass Rapid Transit System

144141

02.

Delhi Transport Corporation

61800

03.

Interstate Bus Terminals

6000

04.

Other Schemes

81950

 

Sub-total (A)

293891

(B) Other Agencies

S.No.

Items

(Rs. In lakhs)

01.

Roads and Bridges (PWD)

187280

02.

Trans Yamuna Area Development Board

1500

03.

MCD

60000

04.

NDMC

2000

 

Sub-total (B)

250780

 

Grand Total (A) + (B)

544671

 

Institutional Measures The financial investments are proposed to be buttressed by institutional measures to ensure effective and efficient functioning of the transport system in an integrated manner.

For this, it is proposed to set up an Integrated Metropolitan Transport Authority (IMTA) which will look after regulatory issues like fares and tariffs as well as provisioning and common functions/services for metro, rail and bus systems. Until IMTA is formed a Delhi Transport Planning Group (DTPG) may be set up under the chairmanship of the Chief Minister. To provide technical and logistic support to the DTPG and then IMTA, a Traffic Engineering and Transport planning cell will be set up which will function under the aegis of the Transport Department but will draw expertise from PWD, MCD, NDMC and the Traffic Police to ensure coordination and implementation.

Amenities for Commuters

In order to make the transport system user-friendly, many amenities for commuters are being introduced. Some of these are Help Line for bus, taxi and auto rickshaw passengers, a Unified Bus Time Table, route guide maps / folders, directory of chartered bus services, fare charts from point to point, more prepaid taxi/auto rickshaw booths and improved bus terminal designs and enhanced service standards at Inter State Bus Terminals (ISBTs) etc. Wherever feasible the needs of special groups like the physically challenged and senior citizens as well as economically weaker sections will be accommodated by encouraging user friendly technologies for access and seating as well as concessional passes on mass transport. Training programmes are also being planned for drivers of buses, mini buses and autos to make them responsive and helpful to commuters.

Time Frame

The time frame for the action plan to be implemented is outlined in Annexure.

Annexure

ACTION PLAN

TASKS FOR TRANSPORT DEPARTMENT, GNCTD

S. No.

TASK
Responsible Branch
  Within 6 months  

1

Complaint Redressal System for Bus , Autos and Taxis & IPT Operations Operations / Enforcement

2.

Rationalization of Bus routes STA

3

Unified Time Table for Bus System STA

4

Publication of user friendly bus route time tables and bus route networks STA

5

Publication of certified fares between various points STA

6

Installation of Standardised fare meters for auto rickshaws and taxis Autorickshaws Unit, Burari and Controller of W&M

7

Increase in number of Pre-paid booths for autos & taxis Autorickshaw Unit

8

Comprehensive Training to Drivers & Conductors of School Buses Operations

9

Improvement in Design of School Buses Vehicles Inspection Unit

10

Stringent testing mechanisms for checking road worthiness of school buses Vehicles Inspection Unit

11

Public awareness programmes on road safety & school buses Planning/ Safe School bus Cell

12

Authorising driving training schools to issue Learner’s licenses Operations

13

Stringent testing mechanisms for driving skills & obtaining Driving Licences Operations

14

Upgradation of private driving training schools with well structured courses Operations

15

Public awareness programmes on Vehicular Pollution – Causes, Effects & Solutions Pollution Control Division

16

Bus priority lanes for selected corridors STA/DTC

17

Introduction of premium bus services STA/DTC

18

New Colour Scheme for CNG buses STA

19

Modernization of bus-Q-Shelters STA/DTC
20 Restructuring DTC – finalization of proposals STA/Sectt.
     
21 Private sector participation in city bus services – Inviting Expressions of Interest STA

22

Time table integration of Metro and buses MRTS/STA

23

Preparatory works for Phase II of Metro including commissioning Detailed Project Report. MRTS

24

Training CNG filling personnel / Transport Department officials Pollution Control Division (PCD)

25

Odouring of CNG & Installation of gas leak detectors Pollution Control Division

26

CNG cylinder recertification facility Pollution Control Division

27

Setting up Safety Council of Vehicle fitness and safety Secretary (Tpt)

28

Upgradation of I&M Centre, Burari VIU/PCD

29

Modernization of Zonal Offices Operations

30

Citizens Charter – finalization and implementation Secretary (Tpt)

31

Setting up of Delhi Transport Planning Group (DTPG) Secretariat Branch

32

Setting up of Integrated Metropolitan Transport Authority (IMTA) Secretariat Branch

33

Examine the legislative proposal by GNCTD for Metro Rail Operations and Maintenance Secretary (MRTS)
  6-12 months  

34

High Capacity Bus System for five selected corridors STA

35

Introduction of Electric Trolley Buses on two selected corridors STA

36

Implementation of Bus Lanes/Bus Only Roads – finalization of proposals STA

37

Enforcement to discourage use of private cars as taxi Operation/Enf.

38

Bus Terminal development (both ISBT and city) GM (ISBT)

39

Computerisation & Modernisation of PUC centers PCD

40

Modernisation of Pollution Monitoring Equipment and checking System PCD

41

Setting up I & M Centres at Bawana by DTC STA/VIU

42

LRT/Tram system for Walled city – feasibility study Planning/Sectt
     
  1-5 years  

43

Legislation for IMTA Secretariat

44

Restrict areas of operation of autos on feeder routes AR Unit

45

Implementation of High Capacity Bus System Corridors (100 Km) STA
     

46

Implementation of ETB on two corridors (32 Km) STA

47

Implementation of LRT/Tram system for walled city Planning/Sectt

48

Feeder Bus Route Network for Metro- Phase-I STA/MRTS

49

Completion of Ph-1 Metro network ( 60 Km) MRTS/DMRC

50

Completion of Ph-1 IRBT / Commuter rail cum Bus network ( Km) MRTS

51

Completion of preparatory works for Phase-II Metro Network ( km) MRTS

52

Implementation of restructuring plan for DTC STA/DTC

53

Implementation of private sector participation in city buses STA

54

Completion of Dwarka and Narela ISBT GM, ISBT

55

Commissioning of Metro Phase-II on approval of partner Governments i.e. GOI & GNCTD. MRTS

 

Annexure

ACTION PLAN

INTER – AGENCY COORDINATION

Sl. No.

TASK

RESPONSIBLE AGENCY (IES)

  Within 6 months  

1

Parking facilities at MCD, NDMC, DVB, DJB Offices MCD/NDMC/Respective Offices

2

Parking facilities for Buses, Autos, Taxis and Slow Modes MCD/NDMC/DDA

3

Planning for multi-storeyed parking facilities MCD/NDMC

4

Rationalisation of parking charges w.r.t parking duration, area, mode MCD/NDMC/DDA

5

Removal of encroachment from footpaths & provide more footpaths MCD/NDMC/PWD
6 Improvement in Traffic Signaling Systems MCD/NDMC/ Traffic Police/PWD

7

Enforcement of Road discipline Traffic Police/ Transport Deptt.

8

Education and Awareness of Road Safety Traffic Police

9

Increase in number of Pre-paid booths for autos & taxis Traffic Police

10

Strengthening of Complaint Redressal system Traffic Police

11

Road widening (a continuous exercise MCD/NDMC/PWD

12

Correction of signages at flyovers and junctions and Rectification of defects in flyover design PWD/MCD/NDMC/DTTDC/DDA/CRRI
     
  6-12 months  

13

Implementation of Bus Lanes/Bus Only Roads MCD/NDMC/PWD/ Traffic Police

14

Splitting of bus stops MCD / NDMC/PWD

15

Construction of Multi-Storeyed parking facilities MCD / NDMC

16

Construction of for Cycle tracks on two selected corridors MCD / NDMC/PWD

17

Construction of flyovers/bridges/ pedestrian subways MCD / NDMC/PWD

18

Road widening and strengthening (a continuous exercise) MCD/NDMC/PWD

19

Implementation of TSM plans on selected corridors PWD/Traffic Police

20

Management of Auto/Taxi Parking under Bhagidari RWAs/MTAs

21

Setting up of Traffic Management Authority Police/Transport Deptt.
     
22 Creation of Traffic Engineering Cell Traffic Police

23

Completion of multi-storeyed parking facilities MCD/NDMC

24

Completion of Cycle tracks on selected corridors MCD/NDMC/PWD

25

Implementation of TSM measures for selected corridors PWD/Traffic Police

 

SALIENT FEATURES OF THE REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT

The salient features of the report are summarized in Chapter V : The Proposed Road Map.

The main recommendations are:

a. Public Transport Policy

Inter-se priority should be accorded in descending order to:

  • Mass transport,
  • Non-Motorized Transport (NMT) namely bicycles, cycle-rickshaws, pedestrians etc.,
  • Intermediate Public Transport (IPT) namely auto-rickshaws, taxi etc., and
  • Personalized motor transport

b. Priority bus lanes be immediate implemented on five identified corridors.

High Priority Corridors for Bus Priority Schemes

No.

Corridor

Length (Kms.)

1. Nangloi – Peeragarhi – Punjabi Bagh – Anand Parbhat – Rani Jhansi Road – Link Road – Gole Market – Shivaji Terminal

20

2. Azadpur – Wazirpur Industrial Arrea – Punjabi Bagh – Raja Garden – Naraina Vihar – Dhaula Kuan – Moti Bagh – South Extn. – Mool Chand – LSR – Nehru Place

32

3. Jahangirpuri – Azadpur – Rana Pratap Bagh – Malka Ganj – St.Stephen’s Hospital – Mori Gate – Old Delhi Rly. Stn.

12

4. Dr. Ambedkar Nagar – Masjid Moth – Mool Chand – Sunder Nagar – Appu Ghar – Delhi Gate – Lal Qilla – ISBT

19

5. Anand Vihar – Karkarduma Chowk – Swasthya Vihar -Lakshmi Nagar – ITO – Bara Khamba Road – Shivaji Terminal.

15

    98=100 km.

These five priority corridors have been selected out of fourteen identified corridors where such schemes could be introduced in a phased manner.

  • Financial implications : Rs.250 crores
  • Planning period : 6 to 9 months
  • Final Implementation period : Within 1 year

c. Electric Trolley Bus (ETB) should be implemented on following corridors:

 

Corridor

Length (Km.)
1. Hari Nagar Clock Tower, Lajwanti Garden – Kirby Place, Dhaula Kuan – SP Marg – Wilingdon Cresent-Talkotora Stadium – Central Sectt.

16

2. Badarpur – Sarita Vihar – Ashram Chowk – Humayun’s Tomb – Sunder Nagar – Pragati Maidan

16

  • Financial Implications : Rs.160 Crores*
  • Planning Period : 1 year
  • Final Implementation period : Within 2 years

* An ETB has a carrying capacity of about hundred passengers and an average load factor of about 55%.

** The total cost of the project will include electrical power supply, a collection system and maintenance depot, modification to road surface, existing electricity poles and other utility services and signals at intersections. The Trolley Bus itself costs approximately Rs.60-70 lakhs at April 2002 prices.

*** The total capital cost of a modern ETB including modifications to fixed infrastructure for dedicated bus ways, has been tentatively estimated at Rs. 5 Crores per route km. O&M cost per passenger, however, is much lower than metro (and even a regular bus) and works out to 69 paise per passenger km.

d. LRT with a narrow vehicle of say 1.8 to 2.0 m width appears to be an appropriate choice of mass transit for the narrow roads in the walled city of Delhi (Chandni Chowk – Khari Baoli – Shraddha Nand Bazaar – Delhi Gate – Chawri Bazaar area). A tram system (an earlier version of LRT) was operating in this area some time back.

If taken up, a feasibility study for implementation of LRT for the walled city will be necessary. After preparatory works have been completed and feasibility ascertained, the actual implementation is likely to take two years.

  • Financial implications : Rs.150 Crores
  • Planning period : 1 year (after establishing feasibility)
  • Implementation period : 2 years

e. An integrated Metropolitan Transport Authority (IMTA)should be set up not only for setting fares and tariffs but also to provide provisioning and common services for bus, metro and commuter rail as well as IPT modes. There should be one authority for all modes of transport.

f. Pending the setting up of IMTA, a Delhi Transport Planning Group (DTPG) should be constituted. The DTPG may be supported by a technical cell of qualified and trained professionals from all concerned departments.

 

 

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