DDA likely to approve land pooling policy today

    DDA likely to approve land pooling policy today

    DDA had put its revised draft land pooling policy in the public domain in January this year, inviting suggestions and objections, and had received 734 responses

    NEW DELHI: The ambitious but much delayed land pooling policy of Delhi Development Authority (DDA) is now likely to get approved on Friday.

    DDA had put its revised draft land pooling policy in the public domain in January this year, inviting suggestions and objections, and had received 734 responses, which were examined by a board of inquiry and a public hearing was held in July.

    The report prepared by the board of inquiry has been submitted, which will be discussed in the authority’s board meeting to be chaired by lieutenant governor Anil Baijal on Friday.

    BJP MLA Vijender Gupta, a member of the board of inquiry, said the policy might get approved on Friday. “The public hearing has taken place and the report has been submitted. On the basis of the report, the land pooling policy will get passed in the meeting,” he said.

    Gupta, however, claimed that due to unavailability of enough water, DDA proposed to allow only 200 floor area ratio (FAR) instead of the public demand for 400 FAR. “The reduction is a serious setback to the Centre’s efforts to ensure affordable housing to 20 lakh families,” he said. Once approved, the policy will be sent to the Union housing and urban affairs ministry for final notification.

    The policy was devised as an alternative to the cumbersome process of land acquisition for development and was announced in 2013. As per the policy, a developer or a consortium can pool land and retain 60% of it to develop residential, commercial or public facilities while 40% will go to DDA.

    Source: Economic Times
    Dated: 7th September 2018


    Land pooling policy is a great chance for DDA to undo past errors

    The proposed modifications to the Delhi Development Authority’s (DDA) land pooling policy have been widely seen as a game-changer in affordable housing. But to contextually analyse the land pooling policy and the modifications proposed under chapter 19 of Master Plan of Delhi 2021 (MPD 2021), let’s look back to what happened over the preceding few years.

    MPD 2021 was notified in February 2007 (a good 11 years back) with a view to frame guidelines and norms for the development of Delhi till 2020. The entire land mass of Delhi was included for urbanisation, thereby, making it the first 100% urbanised state.

    The land pooling policy was notified by the central government in 2013, with a view to include the private sector in the process of urban development, both in strategic planning, aggregation of scattered small land holdings as well as execution and development.

    Make no mistake — it indeed is a paradigm shift from the process of urbanisation of Delhi covered under the earlier master plans, wherein the DDA used to acquire large land masses, and develop it progressively, sometimes taking decades. (examples: Rohini, Dwarka). DDA was the sole landowner, planner, developer, seller, auctioneer, and partook in every conceivable role. Under the current policy, DDA would cease to be a land aggregator cum developer, and merely remain a ‘facilitator’ and regulator.

    Consolidation of land has been the biggest challenge that the development agencies have long faced while trying to urbanise India. It is a dynamic process, and landowners have forever been influenced by each other, not by the government agency acquiring the land. Any entity that approaches a landowner with a promise of development on the land, with or without a share of the benefit, is looked at with suspicion.

    The urban design form is dictated by the seamless availability of land; the best examples of which are seen in the cities in Delhi NCR. Below is a snapshot:

    Delhi: Piecemeal expansion has led to almost half the population living in unauthorised settlements, with more than 125 sq km of land mass under unauthorised development/ occupation.

    Gurgaon: The government declared the sector boundaries in the master plan in 2006, but the infrastructure is yet to be laid owing to land acquisition issues, though dwelling units are ready for occupation. Even the connecting roads between sectors haven’t been developed.

    Noida: Access to land ensured that gridline infrastructure could be planned, and created. Development of townships/residential and commercial towers was created subsequently.

    It is imperative that the urban form and methodology of a time-bound development of infrastructure is defined, more so in the case of Delhi wherein multiple agencies would be providing services like trunk roads, arterial roads, water, power lines, sewage water treatment plants etc.

    What would be the proposed location and alignment of the trunk lines of these services within the sectors? In the absence of clarity, how can an organised Developer Entity (DE) invest time, effort and money to decide which sector would be optimally efficient?

    That the sector plans haven’t been released yet to facilitate decision-making is a different matter altogether. When would this happen?

    The launch of the land pooling policy is a brilliant opportunity for DDA to undo the shortcomings of the past, and facilitate the development of Delhi as a modern capital of the third-largest economy of the world.

    Is there any precedent in India, where a few disparate private DEs have accepted and executed such a vast responsibility — of aggregating land from the owners, investing capital for approvals, service infrastructure and development without any counter guarantees from the government on ROI?

    “A known devil is better than an unknown angel,” says an old saying. By our interactions with the land owning community, they would have had no problem in surrendering their land to a government agency like DDA. However, when the land has to be surrendered or rights shared or co-developed etc with a yet to be DE, most landowners are circumspect. Is there a trusted, capable agency that would mediate, negotiate and handhold both sides on a daily basis?

    Delhi is already suffering on account of multiple agencies laying and providing services. Landowners rightfully fear that with DDA not liable to provide (any policy document) the services in a time-bound manner, infrastructure would be a casualty, thereby delaying the development and opportunity to monetise their land assets.

    MPD 2021 might be the largest investment opportunity in India for institutional investors to partner landowners to develop a ‘modern megapolis’, and the last for at least a decade in NCR, It is generally understood that unless the services trunk lines are laid by the government, before the re-allotment against surrendered land, the interest levels would be low. Hence, the need for an approach on the lines of Public-Private-Policy-Partnership.

    What is the stated process of ‘acquisition of land for sector roads?’ In the policy document, DDA has specified that the contiguous land abutting sector roads would be chosen for licensing. When would the layout plan of sector roads be released to the public? Would they remain ‘hard coded’ or can it be subjected to change of alignment?

    Our internal research with leading investors reveals that the following factors influence their decision.

    Stability in criterion – Policy making & implementation
    Risk (Uncertainty about outcome)
    Forecasting Risk owing to resistance to policy
    History of market trend
    Investment horizon
    Expected return
    External factors
    Inflation & taxes
    Socio economic political conditions
    Information in public domain & education of landowners
    Sales velocity
    Floor Area Ratio (FAR) has to match the surrounding markets, if not exceed compared to the other markets in NCR.
    The Prime Minister’s vision for the nation talks about affordable homes for all segments of the society, while the FAR numbers are unviable for development of finished products at the price points wherein lie the real demand.

    Said the above, MPD 2021 could become a template for the urban design and development for the future, subject to DDA, the Ministry of Urban Development and other stakeholders contributing towards a ‘partnership driven model of land development’ wherein the dividends are shared in pre-agreed manner.

    And, mind you, the returns can be phenomenal for all.

    Ramesh Menon is the founding Director of Certes Realty Ltd, and an independent Director on the board of SPA Capital Group. He brings perspective on both land, investments and monetisation of real estate assets.

    Source: CNBC TV18
    Dated: 5th July 2018


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