Upgardation & Restructuring of the existing unplanned areas

Date: 10th September, 2013                                                                                
Gloria Ganguly

Unplanned Areas and Traditional Inner City

The congested areas of the city have a predominant residential component like Shahjehanabad – Walled City, and its Extensions, Karol Bagh and villages. The regularized/unauthorized colonies, which are unplanned areas, have a role to play as a housing stock provider. These areas should be redeveloped ensuring modern services and amenities for a safe residential atmosphere. Owners can jointly redevelop the areas based on the prescribed guidelines.

  • Special Area and Villages

The Old City areas and its extensions are fast changing their residential character to nonresidential use, it still have a residential component. Non-residential uses of varying degrees have developed with time depending on their position, related with established trade and accessibility. In the case of traditional inner city areas, distinguishing between the heritage segment of the area and the non-heritage segment of the area has been essential. For traditional areas giving the development control parameters for the heritage areas keeping in view archaeological norms / architectural character a well-designed Special Area Redevelopment Schemes must be prepared. Each Special Area Redevelopment Scheme should entail an enumeration of the old buildings within the heritage areas and the monuments, which must be conserved. Within a time frame, the MCD should prepare Special Area Redevelopment Schemes for all traditional areas. The basic objective in the traditional areas is to bring about in situ improvements which help in improving architectural character of the area, i.e., layout and design, as well as revitalizing trade and commerce in the area. Villages are also considered at par with these as they also have the same traits. The socio-economic changes have been substantial in these old unplanned areas, especially in villages. The redevelopment plans should ensure that the permissibility of mixed use zoning at property or within the premise level is compatible to the predominant residential areas.

  •  Unauthorized / Regularized Colonies

Huge population resides in these unauthorized colonies. The issue of existing unauthorized colonies has engaged attention since the mid-seventies when a policy for regularization was formulated. Till October 1993, 567 out of 607 listed unauthorized colonies were regularized, but after that many more unauthorized colonies have evolved. Such colonies are to be identified by the Govt. of NCTD. Present method of regularization of unauthorized colonies is by the provision of basic infrastructure to improve the environment, though; regularization has not really brought in any substantial improvement. Effectively, the process has only led to de-facto tenure rights on the land and access to services. Whether on private or public land, all unauthorized colonies, regularization should be done as per the government orders issued from time to time. There must be endurance for improvement of physical and social infrastructure, the minimum necessary / feasible level of services and community facilities are provided.

  1. Physical: The plans for provision of services shall be prepared by the concerned local bodies.
  2. Social: For provision of social facilities and reduced space standards will be adopted. Depending on the land availability, facilities like dispensary, community hall, etc. can be grouped together.

                   a. Primary School of 800 sq.m. per 5000 population

               b. Secondary School of 2000 sq.m per 10000 population. The above norms can be further relaxed for existing recognized schools on the basis of minimum norms prescribed by the Education Department, GNCTD / Central Board of Secondary Education.

               c. The following facilities can be clubbed in a composite facility centre (500-1000 sqm.)

                                        (i) Multi-purpose community hall – 100 sqm.

                                        (ii) Basti Vikas Kendra – 100 sqm.

                                        (iii) Religious site – 100 sqm.

                                        (iv) Police Post – 100 sqm.

                                        (v) Health Centre – 100 sqm.

                                        (vi) Park/Shishu Vatika – 200 sqm.

                                     (vii) Area for essential retail outlets e.g., Kerosene shop, Milk Booth, Fair Price Shop, etc. may be provided.

                                       (viii) Provisions for weekly market and informal trade units to be made, wherever necessary.

 

 

 

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