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THE PERSPECTIVE FOR YEAR 2021
DELHI – A VIBRANT ECONOMY
- Delhi, is the capital of the largest democracy in the world, and would be the focus of the socio-economic and political life of India. It is also a symbol of ancient values, aspirations and is scheduled to take its eminent place amongst the leading cities of the world. It is also the seat and growth driver for the Indian economy. The city will be a prime mover and nerve centre of ideas and actions, the seat of national governance and a centre of business, culture, education and sports.
- To keep pace and to sustain the tremendous growth that the country, and Delhi in particular has achieved, the city needs to integrate its history, the great past and the modern aspirations and developments reflected around, into one integrated policy document, which encompasses the political, socio-economic, the environment, the cultural and the globalizing attitude and aspirations of the people.
- Infrastructure, irrespective of the segment, has to be developed at an unprecedented pace, and investments targeted accordingly.
- The cornerstone for any development, at this scale and critical mass has to be the planning and the tracking of the implementation. Every agency involved, be it the governmental agencies, the private institutions, the corporate houses, the NGOs, the services – both urban, rural, tertiary & local have to have one beacon of policy guideline bestowing them to a common direction.
- Delhi needs to be evolved and developed into a world class city, and special emphasis to be placed on physical infrastructure and modern outlook.
Vision-2021, the guiding principle for the framework, formulation and subsequent / forthcoming rollout / implementation of the Master Plan– Delhi 2021 is to make “Delhi a global metropolis and a world-class city”, wherein people resources would have conducive atmosphere and infrastructure to conduct themselves in productive work with a better quality of life, living in a sustainable environment. This will, amongst other things, necessitate planning and action to meet the challenge of population growth and in– migration into Delhi; provision of adequate housing, particularly for the weaker sections of the society; addressing the problems of small enterprises, particularly in the unorganized informal sector; dealing with the issue of slums, up-gradation of old and dilapidated areas of the city; provision of adequate infrastructure services; conservation of the environment; preservation of Delhi’s heritage and blending it with the new and complex modern patterns of development; and doing all this within a framework of sustainable development, public-private and community participation and a spirit of ownership and a sense of belonging among its citizens.
THE GENESIS AND BASIS OF THE DELHI MASTER PLAN
Post the independence of India, the process of planned development of the National Capital of India started with the enactment of the Delhi Development Act 1957, followed by the promulgation of the Master Plan of Delhi in 1962 (MPD-62).
The MPD-62 outlined the broad vision for the macro & micro level development of Delhi, with a view to realizing the development agenda, in line with the vision of the development of the capital of the country. An overall development through large scale acquisition of land, and development of resources was also formulated. Since it was the early stages of the growth of the Indian economy, most development was envisaged to be public sector led & driven. Development through the private sector was not conceptualized, on a mass scale. At that early stage, the process of planned development had little role for the private sector, both in the housing as well as the infrastructure. Cut to today, there is an impending need for a PPP model of development.
The Master Plan for Delhi 2001 (MPD-2001) takes into account the above, and tries to evolve and develop a more inclusive development model, in both the housing as well as infrastructural sectors. The land use plans, the zonal plans and the layout plans are reflective of this line of thought.
The somewhat skewed and sketched development of Delhi over the preceding few years can be attributed to the growth in population to 138 lakhs, against the projection of 128 lakhs, under the MPD 2001. This growth wasn’t factored in for shelter, as well as the suffocation of the resources of infrastructure & facilities.
Some of these above issues were raised and considered as directions for the policy guidelines for the Delhi master plan 2021, as below:
i. Review of the scheme of large scale development and acquisition and its relevance in the present context
ii. Alternative options for development of areas identified for urbanization in MPD-2021
iii. Evolving a system under which planning for, and provision of basic infrastructure could take place simultaneously with reference to (i) and (ii) above;
iv. Involving the private sector in the assembly and development of land and provision of infrastructure services.
The challenges of the phenomenon of unplanned growth of unauthorized colonies and jhuggi clusters were also taken into consideration. It was recognised that this reality will have to be dealt with not only in its present manifestation, but also in terms of future growth and proliferation.
The phenomenal growth of vehicle traffic in Delhi was another concern area accounted for, and the issues like congestion, pollution, parking, safety of travel etc. also need to be addressed. Due thought was afforded to it too.
The aspect of redevelopment and densification of the existing urban areas of Delhi is an important component of the New Delhi master plan.
It aims to address issues like:
a) Accommodating a larger population
b) Strengthening of infrastructure
c) Creation of more open spaces
d) Redevelopment of congested areas
METHODOLOGY ADOPTED FOR PLAN PREPARATION
- A fair and democratic procedure is understood to have been undertaken while the draft plans for the Delhi master plan (MPD-2021) was being prepared. Detrailed consultations were understood to have been undertaken with the public, the public representatives, the government(s), local bodies, public sector agencies, resident welfare associations, non-profit agencies, professional bodies and groups etc.
- In 2003, the Ministry of Urban development issued guidelines and activated the think tank for the preparation of the MPD 2021. It emphasised the emerging need to explore alternate methods of land assembly, private sector participation, and flexible land use and development norms.
- The reports of earlier studies undertaken (12) by expert groups comprising from important sectors like housing, demography, infrastructure, environment conservation, transportation, industry — trade and commerce etc. were also considered.
- Various seminars were organised wherein participation was encouraged from trade bodies, representatives, local bodies and NGOs.
- Various presentations were made by the DDA, regarding the draft master plan of Delhi to the stakeholders, including policy makers and various committees. Interest groups like lawyers, practioners of chartered accountancy, traders & industry representatives, residents, welfare associations also made representations, which were considered for the draft plan of Delhi master plan – 2021.
- The Draft Master Plan was notified for inviting public objections and suggestions through Gazette Notification in March’ 2005 and notices were published in newspapers in April’ 2005.
- A large number of responses, both objections and suggestions to the draft master plan of Delhi were received. (estimated at approx. 7000 nos)
- The board of enquiry met on many occasions to accord utmost attention to the objections to the draft master pan, and in many cases, also accorded personal hearings to the suggestions and objections.
- The revised master plan of Delhi was reviewed on many occasions between 2006 – 2007, before it was sent to the Ministry of urban development, for consideration of approval.
- The final approval was accorded, in the present form, after dues consideration of all the factors.
MPD-2021 Opportunity Presentation